🍩 Database of Original & Non-Theoretical Uses of Topology

(found 2 matches in 0.001307s)
  1. Capturing Shape Information With Multi-Scale Topological Loss Terms For 3D Reconstruction (2022)

    Dominik J. E. Waibel, Scott Atwell, Matthias Meier, Carsten Marr, Bastian Rieck
    Abstract Reconstructing 3D objects from 2D images is both challenging for our brains and machine learning algorithms. To support this spatial reasoning task, contextual information about the overall shape of an object is critical. However, such information is not captured by established loss terms (e.g. Dice loss). We propose to complement geometrical shape information by including multi-scale topological features, such as connected components, cycles, and voids, in the reconstruction loss. Our method uses cubical complexes to calculate topological features of 3D volume data and employs an optimal transport distance to guide the reconstruction process. This topology-aware loss is fully differentiable, computationally efficient, and can be added to any neural network. We demonstrate the utility of our loss by incorporating it into SHAPR, a model for predicting the 3D cell shape of individual cells based on 2D microscopy images. Using a hybrid loss that leverages both geometrical and topological information of single objects to assess their shape, we find that topological information substantially improves the quality of reconstructions, thus highlighting its ability to extract more relevant features from image datasets.
  2. Cubical Ripser: Software for Computing Persistent Homology of Image and Volume Data (2020)

    Shizuo Kaji, Takeki Sudo, Kazushi Ahara
    Abstract We introduce Cubical Ripser for computing persistent homology of image and volume data. To our best knowledge, Cubical Ripser is currently the fastest and the most memory-efficient program for computing persistent homology of image and volume data. We demonstrate our software with an example of image analysis in which persistent homology and convolutional neural networks are successfully combined. Our open source implementation is available at [14].