🍩 Database of Original & NonTheoretical Uses of Topology
(found 4 matches in 0.001153s)


Quantitative Analysis of Phase Transitions in TwoDimensional XY Models Using Persistent Homology (2022)
Nicholas Sale, Jeffrey Giansiracusa, Biagio LuciniAbstract
We use persistent homology and persistence images as an observable of three different variants of the twodimensional XY model in order to identify and study their phase transitions. We examine models with the classical XY action, a topological lattice action, and an action with an additional nematic term. In particular, we introduce a new way of computing the persistent homology of lattice spin model configurations and, by considering the fluctuations in the output of logistic regression and knearest neighbours models trained on persistence images, we develop a methodology to extract estimates of the critical temperature and the critical exponent of the correlation length. We put particular emphasis on finitesize scaling behaviour and producing estimates with quantifiable error. For each model we successfully identify its phase transition(s) and are able to get an accurate determination of the critical temperatures and critical exponents of the correlation length. 
Topological Phase Estimation Method for Reparameterized Periodic Functions (2022)
Thomas Bonis, Frédéric Chazal, Bertrand Michel, Wojciech ReiseAbstract
We consider a signal composed of several periods of a periodic function, of which we observe a noisy reparametrisation. The phase estimation problem consists of finding that reparametrisation, and, in particular, the number of observed periods. Existing methods are wellsuited to the setting where the periodic function is known, or at least, simple. We consider the case when it is unknown and we propose an estimation method based on the shape of the signal. We use the persistent homology of sublevel sets of the signal to capture the temporal structure of its local extrema. We infer the number of periods in the signal by counting points in the persistence diagram and their multiplicities. Using the estimated number of periods, we construct an estimator of the reparametrisation. It is based on counting the number of sufficiently prominent local minima in the signal. This work is motivated by a vehicle positioning problem, on which we evaluated the proposed method. 
Quantitative and Interpretable Order Parameters for Phase Transitions From Persistent Homology (2020)
Alex Cole, Gregory J. Loges, Gary ShiuAbstract
We apply modern methods in computational topology to the task of discovering and characterizing phase transitions. As illustrations, we apply our method to four twodimensional lattice spin models: the Ising, square ice, XY, and fullyfrustrated XY models. In particular, we use persistent homology, which computes the births and deaths of individual topological features as a coarsegraining scale or sublevel threshold is increased, to summarize multiscale and highpoint correlations in a spin configuration. We employ vector representations of this information called persistence images to formulate and perform the statistical task of distinguishing phases. For the models we consider, a simple logistic regression on these images is sufficient to identify the phase transition. Interpretable order parameters are then read from the weights of the regression. This method suffices to identify magnetization, frustration, and vortexantivortex structure as relevant features for phase transitions in our models. We also define "persistence" critical exponents and study how they are related to those critical exponents usually considered.