🍩 Database of Original & Non-Theoretical Uses of Topology

(found 2 matches in 0.000845s)
  1. Persistent Homology Analysis of Brain Artery Trees (2016)

    Paul Bendich, J. S. Marron, Ezra Miller, Alex Pieloch, Sean Skwerer
    Abstract New representations of tree-structured data objects, using ideas from topological data analysis, enable improved statistical analyses of a population of brain artery trees. A number of representations of each data tree arise from persistence diagrams that quantify branching and looping of vessels at multiple scales. Novel approaches to the statistical analysis, through various summaries of the persistence diagrams, lead to heightened correlations with covariates such as age and sex, relative to earlier analyses of this data set. The correlation with age continues to be significant even after controlling for correlations from earlier significant summaries.
  2. Topological Descriptors of Histology Images (2014)

    Nikhil Singh, Heather D. Couture, J. S. Marron, Charles Perou, Marc Niethammer
    Abstract The purpose of this study is to investigate architectural characteristics of cell arrangements in breast cancer histology images. We propose the use of topological data analysis to summarize the geometric information inherent in tumor cell arrangements. Our goal is to use this information as signatures that encode robust summaries of cell arrangements in tumor tissue as captured through histology images. In particular, using ideas from algebraic topology we construct topological descriptors based on cell nucleus segmentations such as persistency charts and Betti sequences. We assess their performance on the task of discriminating the breast cancer subtypes Basal, Luminal A, Luminal B and HER2. We demonstrate that the topological features contain useful complementary information to image-appearance based features that can improve discriminatory performance of classifiers.