🍩 Database of Original & Non-Theoretical Uses of Topology

(found 2 matches in 0.002245s)
  1. Persistent Betti Numbers for a Noise Tolerant Shape-Based Approach to Image Retrieval (2011)

    Patrizio Frosini, Claudia Landi
    Abstract In content-based image retrieval a major problem is the presence of noisy shapes. It is well known that persistent Betti numbers are a shape descriptor that admits a dissimilarity distance, the matching distance, stable under continuous shape deformations. In this paper we focus on the problem of dealing with noise that changes the topology of the studied objects. We present a general method to turn persistent Betti numbers into stable descriptors also in the presence of topological changes. Retrieval tests on the Kimia-99 database show the effectiveness of the method.
  2. A Mayer–Vietoris Formula for Persistent Homology With an Application to Shape Recognition in the Presence of Occlusions (2011)

    Barbara Di Fabio, Claudia Landi
    Abstract In algebraic topology it is well known that, using the Mayer–Vietoris sequence, the homology of a space X can be studied by splitting X into subspaces A and B and computing the homology of A, B, and A∩B. A natural question is: To what extent does persistent homology benefit from a similar property? In this paper we show that persistent homology has a Mayer–Vietoris sequence that is generally not exact but only of order 2. However, we obtain a Mayer–Vietoris formula involving the ranks of the persistent homology groups of X, A, B, and A∩B plus three extra terms. This implies that persistent homological features of A and B can be found either as persistent homological features of X or of A∩B. As an application of this result, we show that persistence diagrams are able to recognize an occluded shape by showing a common subset of points.